• Yemen Power Sharing Agreement

    Aidaroos Al-Zubaidi, the head of the STC, had previously announced that all parties had reached an agreement on the formation of the government. “Abdulmalik and five ministers returned to Aden in implementation of the Riyadh agreement,” a government source said on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the media. President […]


  • Working In Countries With Bilateral Social Security Agreements

    The amounts shown are mandatory contributions for people married with two children. In addition to mandatory contributions, additional contributions may be made depending on the company, sector and/or level of risk. Sampling rates are not specific to the company or industry. With respect to risk level contributions, we applied the employee rates. However, in most […]


  • Will Notarized Agreement Hold Court

    Some legal documents, such as power of attorney and documents, may, depending on the association, require certification. Notarized signatures also increase the accuracy of other court documents. Read more: How do I certify a marriage certificate? It should be thought that an agreement is binding and legal. This means that each party must receive a […]


  • Which Of The Following Is True About The Gentlemen`s Agreement

    In English contract law, for it to be binding, an agreement must have the intention of establishing legal relations; but in commercial transactions (i.e. agreements that do not exist between family members or friends), there is a legal presumption of “intent to establish legal relations”. In the 1925 case of Rose and Frank Co. v. […]


  • What Was The Simla Agreement 4 Marks

    The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered […]


The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) is the central legal body of the United Nations system in the field of international trade law. Its mission is to remove legal barriers to international trade by gradually modernizing and harmonizing trade law. It develops legislation in a number of key areas, such as international trade dispute resolution, e-commerce, insolvency, international payments, goods sales, transport law, procurement and infrastructure development. UNCITRAL also provides technical assistance in the context of law reform, including helping Member States to examine and assess their legal reform needs and to develop the legislation necessary to implement the CNUDCI texts. UnCI`s secretariat, based in Vienna, Austria, maintains a website at uncitral.un.org/. The Singapore Convention contains a language similar to that of the New York Convention on Enforcement, including the fact that each State party “enforces a transaction agreement in accordance with its internal regulations and under the conditions set out in this Convention.” (Singapore Convention, Article 3, paragraph 1).) It was found that this new provision on the application of legislation extends the potential effects of the Singapore Agreement on the limited effects of the 2008 directive on mediation in the EU. In particular, Article 6 of the European Directive obliges Member States to approve the written agreement resulting from mediation in order to make it enforceable. Furthermore, under the EU directive, the content of a conciliation agreement must not be contrary to the law of the Member State and the law of that State must provide for the applicability of the transaction. However, until the implementation of the Singapore Agreement, the lack of an effective and harmonised framework for cross-border implementation of transaction agreements resulting from mediation was an often cited challenge for the use of mediation. In response to this need, the Singapore Agreement was drafted and adopted by the United Nations. The convention complies with the COMMISSION`s standard law on international trade mediation and international mediation agreements (2018). This approach aims to give states the opportunity to adopt either the convention, the model law as a full text, or the convention and the model law as complementary instruments of a comprehensive legal framework for mediation. The Convention is an instrument designed to facilitate international trade and promote mediation as an alternative and effective means of resolving trade disputes.

As a binding international instrument, it aims to ensure the security and stability of the international mediation framework and thus contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular SDG 16.

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